ISEE Verbal Reasoning Sentence Completion
4 Main Types of Sentence Completion Problems
There are 4 major types of sentence completion problems: 1) contrast, 2) cause and effect, 3) definition and 4) examples.
The words that can indicate contrast:
but, although, however, rather, even though, once, instead of, despite
Skeptical farmers predicted that George Washington Carver’s experiments with soil improvement would fail, but Carver himself remained -------.
Clues> “Skeptical”, “fail”, “but”
Although once ------- in Africa, cheetah populations have been greatly reduced due to hunting, loss of habitat, and decline of the cheetah’s prey.
Clues> “Although”, “once”, “have been reduced”
2. Cause & Effect
The words that indicate contrast
because, since, therefore, thus, hence, accordingly, so, when, after, as
There might be no particular word that indicates cause and effect.
Since the student looked puzzled, their teacher -------.
faces became quite cold
classmates began to arrive
friend gave them a present
teacher repeated the directions
Clues> “Since”, “puzzle” ---> what can you do when your students look confused?
The word in the blank is almost directly explained in the sentence.
As the excitement of the holiday festivities began to -------, the children became calmer and more focused on their schoolwork.
Clues> “excitement”, “calmer” ---> which word means to become calmer?
The word in the blank is indirectly explained or examples of the blank word are given.
The words that indicate examples:
for example, for instance, such as
To reach maturity, a seagoing loggerhead turtle must survive many -------, such as attacks by gulls and hungry fish.
Clues> “such as”, “attacks by gulls and hungry fish”
* Sample Questions Source: ERB ISEE Practice Test